Publicado por: inctambtropic | julho 17, 2014

Novas Publicações dos GTs 2.1 e 3.2

Os GTs 2.1 Geodiversidade e Biodiversidade dos Substratos Plataformais  e 3.2 Ciclos Biogeoquímicos, Fluxo de CO2 e Acidificação do Oceano Atlântico Tropical,  publicaram recentemente dois trabalhos em periódicos conceituados, listado abaixo:

Gomes, MP, Vital, H, Bezerra, FHR, Castro, DL, 2014. The interplay between structural inheritance and morphology in the Equatorial Continental Shelf of Brazil. Marine Geology, 355, 150–161

Fig. 6. (A) Bathymetric map showing main faults, bathymetric and seismic profiles and features (a—Coroa das Lavadeiras sand body, b—beachrocks, c—Guamaré subaqueous dunes field, d— Coroa Branca sand body, e—Açu Incised Valley, f—Apodi Incised Valley); (B) bathymetric trend map of the continental shelf area; (C) residual bathymetric map of the continental shelf area showing shelf compartments. Major faults: 1—Afonso Bezerra; 2—Carnaubais; 3—Macau; 4—Ubarana; 5—Pescada; 6—Shelf Edge Faults; 7—Areia Branca. (For interpretation of the references to color in this figure legend, the reader is referred to the web version of this article).

Mapa batimétrico mostrando as principais falhas perfis batimétricos e sísmicos: (a) —Coroa das Lavadeiras b—arenitos de praia, c—Campo de dunes subaquosas de Guamaré, d— Coroa Branca, e—Vale Inciso do Açu, f— Vale Inciso do Apodi;  (B) Compartimentos batimétricos da platform continental. Principais falhas: 1—Afonso Bezerra; 2—Carnaubais; 3—Macau; 4—Ubarana; 5—Pescada; 6—Shelf Edge Faults; 7—Areia Branca.

Resumo:

The primary objective of this study is to assess the control of faults of the rift and post-rift stages on the shelf morphology of the Potiguar Basin in northeastern Brazil. This aborted rift basin was generated during the opening of the Equatorial Atlantic in the Aptian. The offshore portion of the continental margin consists of a narrow (~ 40 km) and shallow (~ 70 m below present sea-level) continental shelf with a very steep continental slope (1:11). Our dataset encompasses gravity, bathymetric, shallow seismic and structural data. The results indicate that low sedimentation rates during the Quaternary period contributed to the identification of structural controls in pre-Holocene rocks. The key evidence for fault reactivation on the seafloor is the link between coastal and shelf features associated with pre-Cenozoic structures of the Potiguar Basin. During periods of low sea level, the incision of shelf valleys was readjusted longitudinally and transversally due to the structural controls. Shelf gradient breaks are associated with the occurrences of coplanar ESE– WNW-oriented faults, and uplifted and subsided areas occur in between these fault systems. The results indicate a strong correlation between the margin geometry, modern shelf surface, near-surface expression, and the rift-phase faults, which appear to be reactivated in concordance with the present-day margin stress field. We conclude that neotectonics has influenced both the sediment deposition and morphology of the NE Brazilian Equatorial margin during Quaternary times.


 

Servain, J, Caniaux, G, Kouadio, YK, McPhaden, MJ, Araujo, M. 2014. Recent climatic trends in the tropical Atlantic. Climatic Dynamics. 
DOI 10.1007/s00382-014-2168-7

TotalchangeofSST(°C)andPWS(m2/s2)during1964–1975 (a) and 1976–2012 (b). Magenta contours indicate the 95 % Mann– Kendall confidence test for the SST; only PWS vectors significant according to the 95 % Mann–Kendall confidence test are plotted

Mudança na SST (°C) e PWS (m2/s2) durante 1964–1975 (a) and 1976–2012 (b). Os contornos em magenta indicam 95% do teste de confidência de Mann– Kendall para a SST; apenas os vetores PWS significativos de acordo com 95% do teste de confidência de Mann–Kendall estão plotados.

 

Resumo:

A homogeneous monthly data set of sea surface temperature (SST) and pseudo wind stress based on in situ observations is used to investigate the climatic trends over the tropical Atlantic during the last five decades (1964–2012). After a decrease of SST by about 1 °C during 1964–1975, most apparent in the northern tropical region, the entire tropical basin warmed up. That warming was the most substantial ([1 °C) in the eastern tropical ocean and in the longitudinal band of the intertropical convergence zone. Surprisingly, the trade wind system also strengthened over the period 1964–2012. Complementary information extracted from other observational data sources confirms the simultaneity of SST warming and the strengthening of the surface winds. Examining data sets of surface heat flux during the last few decades for the same region, we find that the SST warming was not a consequence of atmospheric heat flux forcing. Conversely, we suggest that long- term SST warming drives changes in atmosphere parameters at the sea surface, most notably an increase in latent heat flux, and that an acceleration of the hydrological cycle induces a strengthening of the trade winds and an acceleration of the Hadley circulation. These trends are also accompanied by rising sea levels and upper ocean heat content over similar multi-decadal time scales in the tropical Atlantic. Though more work is needed to fully understand these long term trends, especially what happens from the mid-1970’s, it is likely that changes in ocean circulation involving some combination of the Atlantic meridional overtuning circulation and the subtropical cells are required to explain the observations. 


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